Wednesday, November 18, 2015

Thursday, November 12, 2015

Taking and Publishing Photos: A Breakdown by Country

From Wikimedia Commons

A Primer on Invasion of Privacy

A Tour of Photojournalism Ethics



The National Press Photographers Association, a professional society that promotes the highest standards in visual journalism, acknowledges concern for every person's need both to be fully informed about public events and to be recognized as part of the world in which we live.
Visual journalists operate as trustees of the public. Our primary role is to report visually on the significant events and varied viewpoints in our common world. Our primary goal is the faithful and comprehensive depiction of the subject at hand. As visual journalists, we have the responsibility to document society and to preserve its history through images.
Photographic and video images can reveal great truths, expose wrongdoing and neglect, inspire hope and understanding and connect people around the globe through the language of visual understanding. Photographs can also cause great harm if they are callously intrusive or are manipulated.
This code is intended to promote the highest quality in all forms of visual journalism and to strengthen public confidence in the profession. It is also meant to serve as an educational tool both for those who practice and for those who appreciate photojournalism. To that end, The National Press Photographers Association sets forth the following.


Visual journalists and those who manage visual news productions are accountable for upholding the following standards in their daily work:
  1. Be accurate and comprehensive in the representation of subjects.
  2. Resist being manipulated by staged photo opportunities.
  3. Be complete and provide context when photographing or recording subjects. Avoid stereotyping individuals and groups. Recognize and work to avoid presenting one's own biases in the work.
  4. Treat all subjects with respect and dignity. Give special consideration to vulnerable subjects and compassion to victims of crime or tragedy. Intrude on private moments of grief only when the public has an overriding and justifiable need to see.
  5. While photographing subjects do not intentionally contribute to, alter, or seek to alter or influence events.
  6. Editing should maintain the integrity of the photographic images' content and context. Do not manipulate images or add or alter sound in any way that can mislead viewers or misrepresent subjects.
  7. Do not pay sources or subjects or reward them materially for information or participation.
  8. Do not accept gifts, favors, or compensation from those who might seek to influence coverage.
  9. Do not intentionally sabotage the efforts of other journalists.
Ideally, visual journalists should:
  1. Strive to ensure that the public's business is conducted in public. Defend the rights of access for all journalists.
  2. Think proactively, as a student of psychology, sociology, politics and art to develop a unique vision and presentation. Work with a voracious appetite for current events and contemporary visual media.
  3. Strive for total and unrestricted access to subjects, recommend alternatives to shallow or rushed opportunities, seek a diversity of viewpoints, and work to show unpopular or unnoticed points of view.
  4. Avoid political, civic and business involvements or other employment that compromise or give the appearance of compromising one's own journalistic independence.
  5. Strive to be unobtrusive and humble in dealing with subjects.
  6. Respect the integrity of the photographic moment.
  7. Strive by example and influence to maintain the spirit and high standards expressed in this code. When confronted with situations in which the proper action is not clear, seek the counsel of those who exhibit the highest standards of the profession. Visual journalists should continuously study their craft and the ethics that guide it.

Lea el NPPA código de ética en español

Photo Tampering Throughout History

Giving Up Outtakes

Grieving Mom in Public Space

Video as Trojan Horse

Kaia Means Speaks

Wednesday, November 11, 2015

A Recent Case of Undercover Reporting

Poor pigs :(

"The graphic video -- available on YouTube in an edited form -- was covertly filmed by a contracted employee of Compassion Over Killing, a nonprofit animal rights group that claims to have infiltrated an Austin, Minn., facility run by Quality Pork Processors (QPP), a supplier of Hormel Foods, the maker of Spam and other popular processed meats."
List of Major League Baseball players suspende...
List of Major League Baseball players suspended for performance-enhancing drugs (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
Final Paper Topics from Past Classes

The Ethics of:
·    @ Gender Pronouns: Chelsea Manning in the News
·     * Using Twitter as reporting source
·    *  Citizen Journalists: from credibility to compensation
·    *  Journalism practices in the United Kingdom
·    *  Photographing protests
·    *  Relying on Social Media websites as reliable sources for journalists
·    *  Tabloid Journalism
·     * Journalist conduct during the BALCO Scandal
·    *  Conduct of photojournalists in the field
·      * Embedded war reporting
·      * Photojournalism and photo manipulation
·    *  The Opinion section of college newspapers
·    *  Objectivity in political reporting
·      * Media’s coverage of death of NFL player Sean Taylor
·     * War Reporting
·      *Refusing to cover a story because of personal ethics
·     * Diversity in Newsrooms
·      *Tabloid Journalism
·    *  Objectivity: Myths, Realities, and Romance
·      * Freebies
·     * Photojournalism
·      *Treatment of Rape Victims
·    *  Reporting on news regarding race and ethnicity
·    *  Objectivity in war reporting
·    *  Journalism ethics as presented in “The Wire”
·      * Diversity in the News Industry
·    *  Journalism ethics in “News of The World”: The Phone Hacking Scandal of 2011
·      * Advocating for a gender diverse environment in the media rather than celebrating a true meritocratic society?
·     * Wartime journalism
·     * Freebies in journalism (No Such Thing as a Free Lunch)
·    *  “Citizen Journalism”
·     * Blogging
·   *   Photo Manipulation
·    *  Covering the Iraq War
·    *  Photojournalism and the Iraq War
·      *Achieving Truth, Balance, and Objectivity in Journalism and Documentary
·     * Accepting gifts
·     * Covering an inept ASUSF Senate
·   *   The players in the Jayson Blair case
·    *  Diversity in the news
·    *  The Iraqi death toll and the mainstream media
·  *  The embedded reporter

Tuesday, November 10, 2015

Press Photographer Challenged at University of Missouri

A "First Amendment Area" at Muir Woo...
A "First Amendment Area" at Muir Woods. English text reads : "First Amendment Area: This area has been set aside for individuals or groups exercising their constitutional first amendment rights. The National Park Service neither encourages nor discourages, or otherwise endorses, these activities and receives no funds in relation to these activities." (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
The longer video

Here's the New York Times story

CJR: Media Law prof's take on the law governing the situation

Missouri law making whole campus free speech zone

Thanks to Nick, Professor Click's response

Tai's photos

Monday, November 09, 2015

Analyzing Master Narrative 2012 Presidential Campaign

English: Satan as Antichrist
English: Satan as Antichrist (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
From Pew

More of what the public hears about candidates also now comes from the campaigns themselves and less from journalists acting as independent reporters or interpreters of who the candidates are.

Sunday, November 01, 2015

German press not trusted by Germans

Saturday, October 31, 2015

Crit from Left on Inadequacy of Objective Methods

English: Donald Trump's signature.
English: Donald Trump's signature. (Photo credit: Wikipedia)
From Mother Jones Kevin Drum:

CNBC's Becky Quick has come in for some criticism for being unprepared during Wednesday's debate. To refresh your memory, here's what happened during an exchange with Donald Trump:
QUICK: You had talked a little bit about Marco Rubio. I think you called him "Mark Zuckerberg's personal senator" because he was in favor of the H1B.
TRUMP: I never said that. I never said that.
....QUICK: My apologies. I'm sorry.
In fact, Trump had said that in his own immigration plan. Why didn't Quick know this?
I think we all know what happened here. Someone on Quick's staff prepared some notes that included the quote, but didn't specify where it came from. So when Trump denied saying it, Quick was stuck.
Now, sure, the staffwork here was bad, and Quick should have been better prepared. But that's not the real problem here. The real problem is that Quick was unprepared for bald-faced lying. She expected Trump to spin or tap dance or try to explain away what he said. She didn't expect him to just flatly deny ever saying it. That's the only circumstance that would require her to know exactly where the quote came from.
This was a real epidemic on Wednesday night. Candidates have apparently figured out that they don't need to tap dance. They can just baldly lie. Trump did itRubio did itCarson did itFiorina did it. They know that time is short and they probably won't get called on it. The worst that will happen is that fact checkers will correct them in the morning, but only a tiny fraction of the viewing audience will ever see it. So what's the downside of lying?
Future moderators are going to have to be aware of this sea change. Modern candidates understand that they don't need to bother with spin and exaggeration any more. They can just lie, and etiquette limits how much debate moderators can push back. I don't think debate etiquette is going to change, so this probably means that moderators are going to have to learn to ask questions a little differently. We live in a new era.